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Category: Technology

Setting up a Pi-Hole on a Raspberry Pi Model A in 2024

It’s 2024.

You’re looking back at 2023 as a blur.

How many different Internet providers did you go through?

It could have been 3 – it could have been 300.

It was 3.

3 different Internet service providers, all with their own unique and special modem/router combo of varying feature sets – some good, some okay, and some terrible.

We began 2023 with Spectrum, our ISP since moving to this house in 2015. While Spectrum provided pretty decent service, outages and signal issues posed more issues then one would generally prefer, and their speed offerings weren’t quite up to snuff in our area.

Next came Verizon 5G Home Internet. As soon as this service became available in my area, I signed up. All in all, Verizon’s 5G Home Internet was pretty solid. The router was feature rich and not having to have a signal/supply line is pretty cool – just plug in the box near a window that has good 5G access and you’re set to enjoy a pretty consistent 300Mbs/60Mbs connection.

Enter AT&T Fiber. As good as Verizon’s service was for me, fiber is king – and so when I saw the install trucks running lines in my neighborhood, I just knew I had to get on the waiting list. So far AT&T Fiber has been great. It’s notably faster than my already snappy Verizon 5G. Since install, I’ve not had a single outage – despite significant weather events occurring, which would normally knock me offline at least temporarily. One things that’s not great though is the router functionality. And don’t get me wrong, it’s not terrible – it’s just missing some things I’ve become accustomed to when using Verizon’s modem/router, such as an internal DNS Server.

What’s this post about again? Oh, yeah. ISPs…

Wait. No. This isn’t a post about ISPs.

This is a post about setting up a Pi-Hole on one of the first ever released Raspberry Pis, the Raspberry Pi Model A Revision 2.0 from back in 2011, in 2024.

But… Why?

Like many of my fellow technophiles, I have a lot of ‘junk’ electronics laying around – filling boxes, drawers, cabinets, shelfs and even whole closets…

“Why not just through them out” -my wife, constantly.

“I might need them one day” -me, constantly.

So… Here I am… In need of a DNS server and in the possession of many pieces of aging technology without an assigned purpose.

Enter the 13yr old Raspberry Pi.

Having not touched a Raspberry Pi in quite some time, I figured I’d do a bit of Googling to figure out the path of least resistance for getting this Pi back into the land of the living. After a couple of clicks, I find that there’s now an official Raspberry Pi Imager, so that seems a good place to start.

For my purposes, since I’m going to just be installing Pi-Hole, I want a minimalistic OS as my base. Since this Raspberry Pi is so old, I’m limited on what OSes I can easily install via the Imager – so I’m opting for ‘Raspberry Pi OS Legacy 32-bit Lite’, as I don’t require the full desktop experience and figure those system resources could better be utilized powering the Pi-Hole.

When going through the imaging process, I was greeted by some prompts that made me happy I’d opted to go with the official Raspberry Pi Imager – the ability to adjust some setting for my OS during the flashing process, so that I don’t have to manually connect to my Raspberry Pi in order to get things like SSH going:

Once the flash completed, I inserted my newly imaged SD card into the fatty SD slot on my Raspberry Pi and connected it via ETH to my Orbi base station, and powered it up to see if it would come online… I mean.. This thing is basically an antique – and, as such, likely hasn’t even had electricity racing through its circuits in nearly a decade…

Based on the lovely glow, it either has power….or it has caught fire:

Let’s see if we can SSH in:


This isn’t a tutorial, and is instead intended to be more of a show and tell – so I will spare you the play by play on setting things up, as there are a number of excellent tutorials that already exist for this purpose. But rest assured, I followed one or two of them, fumbled along with the setup (not really tho – the Pi-Hole installer UI holds your hands and makes it pretty easy).

After the Pi-hole install completed, I then ensured I had it a static IP assigned in my router (should have arguably done this from the start, but…well…yeah…) before configuring my router to use that IP (the Pi-Hole’s IP) as my primary DNS server…


Old dogs can be taught new tricks, it would seem.

I’ll admit – I somewhat entered into this experiment figuring that I’d have to redo it all over again on a newer device than the Raspberry Pi Model A Revision 2.0 from back in 2011, but this thing is proving to be sufficiently snappy thus far.

I have things basically configured as the default right now – leveraging both traffic filtering, logging and local DNS… I’ll run things as they are for a bit and tweak according to my needs. This said, I’m happy to report that after putting things through its paces for a normal evening, everything appears to be working as expected – streaming services and other connected services are working as expected out the box, with ads being blocked left and right!

Anywhos! Thanks for checking in!


Running Windows 11 on Apple M1 Silicone under MacOS

Wait. What? Say huh?

Okay. Whatever. If you’re reading this, I have to assume you read the title of the post and so know why you’re here – so let’s dig in.

I recently purchased a new Apple MacBook Pro for things and stuff. Because I like to waste more time doing things that feel like work rather than doing rewarding actual work, I figured I should figure out how to most quickly violate the laws of nature – and what faster path to condemnation than to install Windows 11 on Apple silicone (specifically, the M1 Pro).

Note: This post is going to discuss how to get the ARM build of Windows 11 running on Apple silicone – a point worth noting, as there may be some limitations.

Up first, we need to install UTM – https://mac.getutm.app/

I won’t get into the specifics of installing UTM – if you’re here, on my tech blog, reading a super nerdy post about running an OS on a platform that god herself has forbidden, I assume you know how to drag the little app icon thingy into the application folders icon thingy… Cool – installed.

Up next, you’re going to need a Windows 11 image to run, right? Here, we’re going to use the Windows Insider Preview (which requires an Insiders account – so get to registering in the likely event that your Apple Fangirl/Fanboy butt doesn’t already have one) – https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/software-download/windowsinsiderpreviewARM64

Now go get a tasty beverage while you wait for that Windows 11 download to complete – I averaged 2MBs on my ~300MBs connection…

Downloaded? Cool-cool-cool. Now we need to get it running…

Let’s open up UTM.

With UTM open, you’re going to want to click on ‘Create a New Virtual Machine’:

And then ‘Virtualize’:

And then ‘Linux’:

Wait… No.. Not ‘Linux’ – ‘Windows’, dummy… Gah….

Ensure you click ‘Import VHDX Image’ and then click ‘Browse…’ and browse to the Windows 11 VHDX that took one million years to download the last time you tried to complete this tutorial before ultimately walking away and forgetting that you were trying to get Windows running on your MBP M1/M2:

Special Note: Previously it would seem you needed to manually download the ‘SPICE’, similarly to VirtualBox Extensions, but this now seems to be handled automagically (assuming you’re not a dumb-dumb and accidentally deselect ‘Install drivers and SPICE tools’ like I may or may not have the first time I did this).

Click ‘Continue’ to proceed to configuring your memory and CPU allocation – I’m opting for defaults because I want Windows 11 to run like garbage and to be painfully slow:

Then optionally configure a share between your host (MacOS) and guest (Windows 11). I recommend this as how else are you going to easily screw up your line endings while working in Git repos?:

After clicking ‘Continue’, you should be presented with this totes helpful Summary screen – just click ‘Save’:

Watch the super cool spinny:

Now we’re ready to start the setup/install process – click that little ‘Play Button’ in the middle of the preview or up at the top at the toolbar (or just figure it out – maybe recite a little spell or say a little prayer, I dunno…):

Things seem to be happening:

“ARE YOU READY?!?!” -Jonathan Davis:

Ah.. A ‘moment’ – such a fun imaginary increment of time…but then again, isn’t all time imaginary? But for real – maybe go do something else…this is going to take a while…:

Some PLURAL moments later, you should be dumped out into the Windows setup – just proceed until you can’t anymore (e.g. see next step for network workaround):

After clicking Continue a couple times and Skip, you’ll likely find yourself stuck on the following screen:

Now what? Let’s just move on… Press ‘Shift+F10’ (so fn+shift+F10) to open a command prompt and then type ”OOBE\BYPASSNRO” and press [ENTER] (okay…okay… ‘return’):

The Windows 11 image should restart and the setup process should restart – once you progress to the Network screen, you should now see a new option – ‘I don’t have internet’ (anyone notice how poorly styled that is? It’s like MS doesn’t like this option or something…):

Click ‘I don’t have internet’ – and then click ‘Continue with limited setup’ on the following screen:

Accept the License Agreement and then setup your account on the following screens:

There are a handful of screens not captured in screenshots here – BECAUSE I’M LAZY!!!! Just ‘Next’, ‘Next’, ‘Next’ until you’re done – I opted out of all optional settings (which I simply mention in case you do something different and then have an error)…

After a few moments and a few friendly progress screens, the Windows setup should be complete – and you then should find yourself looking at your shiny new Windows 11 desktop!:

But we’re not quite done yet – if you try to do much, you’re likely to see what I mean:

We still need to get network ready…

First, you’ll want to click on the little CD/Disk icon to access the ‘Drive image options’:

Then select ‘Install Windows Guest Tools…’:

You may get a notification that the image is already mounted – in which case, sorry for wasting your time, you can carry on…

Next you will want to access the mounted disk, which is mounted as a virtual CD/DVD drive: – run ‘spice-guest-tools-…’ by double clicking it:


Next and then ‘I agree’ should get you installing:

Reboot now:

After the reboot completes, you should find your Windows 11 install a bit more useful:

Up next in our series, we’ll look at setting up WSL2 under Windows 11 under MacOS 🤣

I hope that you’ve found this of value in angering your respective gods! Happy Dev’ing!


ES/TC39 Proposals – Playing With Tomorrow’s JavaScript Today (core-js)


  • Trying to learn more
  • Ran across a JavaScript feature proposal for Array.prototype.group()
  • Peaked behind the curtain of the future of JavaScript by way of TC39
  • Learned of core-js (‘npm install core-js’)
  • Brought Array.prototype.group into my Nodejs module project via core-js (“import group from ‘core-js’;”)
  • Played with Tomorrow’s JavaScript today!

Still want to read more? Great!

I’ve been a JavaScript developer…well…for about as long as I’ve been a developer at all. That said, and admittedly a little embarrassingly, I’m far from an expert on the language – but I’m learning more everyday, including more about how little I know.

As if often the case with developers, you complete school and you quickly realize that you need a job. Armed with a bunch of CS theory, and what’s basically a beginners level of experience, you pick up new skills and tricks as you need them along the way – but rarely is there sufficient time to learn much else outside of this while maintaining balance in other parts of your life…

This is the process for years for many/most developers – you show up for work, you’re given a feature to implement, you encounter something you don’t know how to do, you do a little research, you try a few things until you find something that works, and then you move on – rarely thinking about it again. As the years go on, you keep doing that thing that you found that worked – but rarely do most of us dig in deeper to understand more or to find alternatives. Again, there’s unfortunately only so many hours in a day, week, month, year, and lifetime – and there’s a lot to living outside of punching a keyboard.

But I digress… I’m trying to be better – I’m trying to be proactive… I’m trying to dig deeper, to gain a greater understanding and to perhaps learn some alternative approaches to old problems along the way.

In my recent adventures of funemployment, I decided to play around more free-form in JavaScript… I find the MDN Web docs to be an excellent resource for JavaScript, which is where I began my journey of playing with experimental JavaScript features/proposals today. I figured “let’s get back to the basics” and take a look at the standard built-in objects, which is when I ran across the experimental proposal Array.prototype.group() – that cute little experimental beaker icon just screamed out to me.

Consider the following…

const inventory = [
  { name: "asparagus", type: "vegetables", quantity: 5 },
  { name: "bananas", type: "fruit", quantity: 0 },
  { name: "goat", type: "meat", quantity: 23 },
  { name: "cherries", type: "fruit", quantity: 5 },
  { name: "fish", type: "meat", quantity: 22 },

const result = inventory.group(({ type }) => type);

/* Result is:
  vegetables: [
    { name: 'asparagus', type: 'vegetables', quantity: 5 },
  fruit: [
    { name: "bananas", type: "fruit", quantity: 0 },
    { name: "cherries", type: "fruit", quantity: 5 }
  meat: [
    { name: "goat", type: "meat", quantity: 23 },
    { name: "fish", type: "meat", quantity: 22 }

We have an array of JSON objects named ‘inventory’ – with standardized properties associated with each contained object. As we can see, calling array.group() passing in ‘type’ as our associative element – conceptually, we can think of this as a category. As such, we can see the resulting output of our group() call is an object comprised of our ‘type categories’, which are arrays containing the matching type objects.

I thought this was pretty cool and useful, so I wanted to try it out… Naively, I thought “Nodejs always has bleeding edge stuff – so let’s just plop in our playground code…”.

jsonArr.group((country => country));

TypeError: jsonArr.group is not a function
    at Object.<anonymous> (D:\w\nodejs\csv.js:45:9)
    at Module._compile (node:internal/modules/cjs/loader:1159:14)
    at Module._extensions..js (node:internal/modules/cjs/loader:1213:10)
    at Module.load (node:internal/modules/cjs/loader:1037:32)
    at Module._load (node:internal/modules/cjs/loader:878:12)
    at Function.executeUserEntryPoint [as runMain] (node:internal/modules/run_main:81:12)
    at node:internal/main/run_main_module:23:47

Node.js v18.12.1

Whelp… That’s not going to get it – Array.prototype.group() doesn’t exist… Why? Because it’s not part of JavaScript today – it’s a proposal for the future… Time to grow that brain! How might one, if so inclined, learn about these experimental JavaScript features and proposals?

Enter TC39 – “a group of JavaScript developers, implementers, academics, and more, collaborating with the community to maintain and evolve the definition of JavaScript” (from the official website). Cool. So, let’s take a peak at the stage 3 draft proposal for Array Grouping on Github.

It’s from the proposal that a whole new world of experimentation was shown to me… Down at the bottom of the proposal, I notice a link to an external polyfill library – ‘core-js‘… Wait… Does this mean I get to play with the future of JavaScript today?! Yup!

This is all new to me, so I figured I should just start throwing stuff at the wall to see what sticks… Up first, let’s just install…

npm install --save core-js

Now let’s figure out how to use this bad boy… Since I have my Nodejs project setup as a module, I figure I will just try to import group. Note: I’m not saying this is the best way to go about this, or anything of the sort – just sharing my process of discovery in case there’s interest.

import group from 'core-js';

So far, so good.

Now, consider my project… It’s a basic utility script – imports a CSV, and then coerces the CSV data into JSON array containing objects that represent said data…

Here’s my CSV contents:

Sarene;Help Desk Operator;Thailand
Olvan;Nurse Practicioner;China
Janos;Cost Accountant;China
Dolph;Assistant Manager;China
Ariela;Database Administrator I;Azerbaijan
Lane;Environmental Tech;Indonesia
Griselda;Senior Quality Engineer;Portugal
Manda;Physical Therapy Assistant;Brazil
Leslie;Information Systems Manager;Japan
Aleen;Cost Accountant;Canada

Here’s my main coercion function and call to it (assume we’ve already read in and cleaned up our CSV):

function csvTxtToJsonArr(csvTxt, delimiter = ',') {
    const headers = csvTxt.slice(0, csvTxt.indexOf('\n')).split(delimiter);
    const rowStrs = csvTxt.slice(csvTxt.indexOf('\n') + 1).split('\n');
    const jsonArr = rowStrs.map((currRowStr) => {
        const rowVals = currRowStr.split(delimiter);
        const mapObj = headers.reduce((newObj, currHeader, idx) => {
            newObj[currHeader] = rowVals[idx];
            return newObj;
        }, {});
        return mapObj;
    return jsonArr

const jsonArr = csvTxtToJsonArr(csvContents, ';');

Which results in a jsonArr that looks like this:

  { name: 'Sarene', role: 'Help Desk Operator', country: 'Thailand' },
  { name: 'Olvan', role: 'Nurse Practicioner', country: 'China' },
  { name: 'Janos', role: 'Cost Accountant', country: 'China' },
  { name: 'Dolph', role: 'Assistant Manager', country: 'China' },
    name: 'Ariela',
    role: 'Database Administrator I',
    country: 'Azerbaijan'
  { name: 'Lane', role: 'Environmental Tech', country: 'Indonesia' },
    name: 'Griselda',
    role: 'Senior Quality Engineer',
    country: 'Portugal'
    name: 'Manda',
    role: 'Physical Therapy Assistant',
    country: 'Brazil'
    name: 'Leslie',
    role: 'Information Systems Manager',
    country: 'Japan'
  { name: 'Aleen', role: 'Cost Accountant', country: 'Canada' }

Cool… I guess… I mean, just basic, boring CSV play… But group – yeah, Array.prototype.group() seems like it might be fun here… So, let’s try it out using country as a grouping element:

jsonArr.group(({country}) => country);

Which gives us the following results:

  Thailand: [
    { name: 'Sarene', role: 'Help Desk Operator', country: 'Thailand' }
  China: [
    { name: 'Olvan', role: 'Nurse Practicioner', country: 'China' },
    { name: 'Janos', role: 'Cost Accountant', country: 'China' },
    { name: 'Dolph', role: 'Assistant Manager', country: 'China' }
  Azerbaijan: [
      name: 'Ariela',
      role: 'Database Administrator I',
      country: 'Azerbaijan'
  Indonesia: [
    { name: 'Lane', role: 'Environmental Tech', country: 'Indonesia' }
  Portugal: [
      name: 'Griselda',
      role: 'Senior Quality Engineer',
      country: 'Portugal'
  Brazil: [
      name: 'Manda',
      role: 'Physical Therapy Assistant',
      country: 'Brazil'
  Japan: [
      name: 'Leslie',
      role: 'Information Systems Manager',
      country: 'Japan'
  Canada: [ { name: 'Aleen', role: 'Cost Accountant', country: 'Canada' } ]

Cool! Right?!

Will Array.prototype.group() become standard spec? I can’t say, but it looks promising… But I suppose what I wanted to share more than this cool new group proposal was how you and I can be a little more hands on with what’s potentially to come to the future of JavaScript by way of the handy-dandy core-js library!

I feel that it’s worth mentioning another interesting and useful resource I ran across while playing this morning… The unofficial ES Proposals site, which is a labor of love from Apple Software Engineer Saad Quadri. Check it out!

Anywhos… Happy coding!

Taking the New Windows Terminal for a Spin

If you’re a techie, you’ve probably heard of the shiny new Windows Terminal. While not currently available via an official Microsoft build, I decided to give it a spin – which, due to Microsoft’s commitment to Open Source over the last handful of years, is now possible!

4 realz – they do!

Essentially, the new Windows Terminal is a wrapper application of sorts that allows for a tabbed CLI interface for all supported command line environments within Windows. Bash (via WSL)? Check! Powershell? Check! Old faithful CMD? Check, check and check!

Of course, unifying all CLIs isn’t sexy enough for Microsoft in 2019 – no sir! In addition to providing an all-in-one interface for the various CLIs now running under Windows, a slew of customization features have been added as well – with more currently in the pipeline for the coming releases.

This post isn’t intended to be an installation/build tutorial, but instead is more of a fluff piece detailing my personal experiences getting up and running, as well as a couple of tips and tricks picked up in my little bit of time spent tinkering.

I was able to get running relatively easily. I found the official readme instructions for the project pretty solid – getting me 99% of the way there. If you’ve not tried, I’d recommend visiting the Github link and checking out the Getting Started section: https://github.com/microsoft/terminal#getting-started

One of the first things you’re likely to notice is the requirement to be on Windows build 1903 ( >= 10.0.18362.0). Though by no means complicated, this was by far the longest part of the setup for me. Initially my efforts to manually download and install the build update proved fruitless, largely due to me having missed a required incremental update between what I was running when I started and 1903. Fortunately, a couple of quick Googles revealed that mere mortals, such as myself, could use the built in Windows Update to get to 1903 – once I got all of the required updates in place, I was eventually presented with the option to install 1903.

After getting Windows 10 up to 1903, I realized that I didn’t have Visual Studio proper on my newest dev machine – this proved to be the next longest part of the process. Having been using VSCode exclusively for the last year+ doing Angular dev (and in part due to no longer having a personal MSDN), I’d just not found a need for Visual Studio until now. Being a bit out of the loop on the IDE, I decided to go with the latest and greatest – installing 2019 Community.

There you have it – the bulk of the technical work. 1) upgrading Windows 2) installing Visual Studio. With these two time sinks out of the way, I was able to follow the rest of the instructions pretty much directly and get a working build (note: as mentioned in the readme, I was prompted to install some additional tooling as a result of opening in 2019, but this was seamless and handled automatically by VS).

The observant observer is probably thinking “Well… Okay… Lots of words to essentially say ‘I did it by reading the linked instructions’… Why am I reading your post?” Well, let me ask you a couple of questions, in turn, observant friend… Do you like running your app after building? Do you like animations in your CLI to breakup the mundane monotony of executing command after command? Well, then you’ve come to the right place! Keep going!

Running Windows Terminal

If you’re like me, you found yourself doing a victory lap after CTRL+Shift+B didn’t blow up your PC. If you’re like me, then you likely found yourself scratching your head about which one of the many build output artifacts you should be haphazardly clicking on in order to see your awesome new Windows Terminal. The answer: “None of them”. Something that wasn’t quite clear to me was that the application actually needs to be locally deployed in order to properly run. To deploy, simply right-click the ‘CascadiaPackage’ project and then click ‘Deploy’. Note: If you’re following the instructions, you’ve enabled Developer Mode, which is required – if you’re not following the instructions, then shame on you.

Deploy == Install

Once deployed, you should be able to locate “Windows Terminal (Dev Build)” in your Start menu.

There it is! Isn’t it beautiful?!

Okay, great! We have a terminal!!! But… we already had a terminal (or few)… So what?

Multiple CLIs – One Windows Terminal

Towards the top right of your terminal window, you should see a ‘+’ and down arrow. Fortunately for me, Windows Terminal picked up all of my currently installed CLIs – PowerShell, CMD and Ubuntu Bash via WSL. If I want to open up another instance of the default CLI (PowerShell for me), I can simply click the ‘+’ and it will open a new tab with a new CLI instance! Additionally, key bindings are likely similar to what you’re used to in other apps – CTRL+T to open a new tab, and CTRL+W to close the current tab.

You can also click the down arrow in order to get a drop-down list of all of the configured CLIs – selecting one to open an instance of that CLI in a new tab!

So many CLIs!

But what if Windows Terminal didn’t pick up all of my CLIs? Or what if I add additional CLIs (say via different Linux subsystems)? Enter ‘Settings’. When you click settings, you’re likely to be prompted for which viewer/editor you would like the profile config file to be opened with – in my case, I just went with the suggestion default of VS Code. Once open, you will see a JSON file containing the default configuration for Windows Terminal similar to the following:

profile.json / config

By scrolling down, you can find the individual CLI profiles – here are a couple of mine:

CLI configurations

While I’m not 100% of the various configuration properties, I’ve learned enough to be dangerous – I’ve learned enough to set things on fire… But we will talk about burning the house down shortly – for now, back to the topic at hand. If your desired CLI isn’t automatically found, you can easily configure it by copying/pasting one of the existing configurations as a new ‘profiles’ entry, and then modifying the commandline and other relevant properties to suit your needs! Easy peasy!

Animate All The Things!!!

Image result for Animate all the things

So back to setting things on fire… Odds are you found yourself going down this rabbit hole not out of your hate of having multiple windows open, but instead because you like shiny new things as much as I do. Odds are you probably saw a really cool demo showing fancy color schemes and backgrounds and thought “holyfugginshizbawls! I can haz animated CLIs too?!”. Well, as fate would have it, you can! While I again am not 100% on all of the configuration possibilities, I’ve fumbled around enough to figure out how to animate my various CLI instances – which I will share with you here.

To get started, we need a new property in our profile config – “backgroundImage”. This string value may point to a local image file, or (best I can tell) any network accessible image file that your little heart desires… But who really cares about regular old static images anyways? What is this? 1999? Fortunately, not only are static images supported but so are ANIMATED GIFS!!! By setting the value of this property to a path string to an animated gif, we are enabled to razzle-dazzle all inferior onlookers with our clearly superior terminal.

Behold and be amazed!


Another setting of interest is ‘backgroundImageOpacity’, which (hold on to your seats!) allows you to set the opacity of the CLI instance’s background. Here’s my PowerShell configuration rocking the synthwave:

CLI Profile Example

Something that’s worth noting, and something I don’t yet fully understand – ‘useAcrylic’ in relation to using ‘backgroundImage’. In my experiences thus far, I must set useAcrylic to false in order to set a background image and have it actually load – when set to true, my CLI instance seems to fall back to simple color configurations (with Acrylic’s glassy transparency goodness, of course).

Here Be Dragons

So far, I am digging the new Windows Terminal. That said, it’s not been the most stable of experiences for me personally. As I’ve tinkered, I’ve found myself in a non-operational state multiple times with the Windows Terminal – at which time a full reboot has been my only discovered recourse. I’ve not quite nailed down what causes the ‘Abort’ crash – so far, it just seems to happen after the Windows Terminal has been up and running for some unknown period of time. Eventually, Windows Terminal will vanish, with an error dialog indicating a problem – with the process crashed, there’s no process to terminate, but subsequent attempts to relaunch will result in the same error message being displayed until reboot… more to come.

Anywhos. I hope that you’ve enjoyed reading about the Windows Terminal as much as I’ve enjoyed learning about it! Happy tinkering!

Sain Smart / Creality3d Ender 3 Firmware Update on v1.1.4 Board

So, you’ve recently bought an Ender 3, as I have. After reading up, you’ve decided to take the plunge and upgrade your firmware to Marlin. You open up your box as you’ve seen in countless YouTube videos – but something’s different from any of the videos that you’ve seen. Instead of 1.1.2 or 1.1.3, your board says “Creality3d V1 1.4” (1.1.4)!

If you find yourself frantically searching Google, only to find yourself coming up empty handed on instructional videos that explicitly mention v.1.1.4, I’m happy to announce that the firmware upgrade process is exactly as covered in the 1.1.2/1.1.3 videos and tutorials. I have now successfully completed the firmware update to Marlin TH3D_UFW_U1.R2.9a.

As all of the recommended tutorials cover, I had to first flash the bootloader using my UNO before being able to directly update the Ender 3’s firmware via USB. I’ve seen some Amazon sellers indicate that their v.1.1.4 board is already loaded with a bootloader, but I was unable to properly connect to the Ender 3 until I first loaded the bootloader – YMMV.

These are the videos that I consulted:

Bootloader Flashing Guide 2019 – CR-10/Ender 2/Ender 3/Ender 5/X3S/X5S/Wanhao i3 – 1284p Boards

TH3D Unified Firmware Setup Guide – Stock, EZABL, EZOut and More!

Ender 3: How to install a bootloader and update firmware

Good luck!

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